Technological advancement constantly demands new and unique materials to suit a wide variety of needs. Many material properties such as hydrophilicity/phobicity, biocompatibility, and photonics can be drastically changed through surface modification. The demand to tailor properties in advanced materials that minimize damage to the environment and harnesses the unique properties natural resources provide, opens opportunities for directed plasma nano synthesis to combine “green” materials (e.g. cellulose, chitosan, etc…) with inorganic materials to establish novel properties. Our research aims to combine deposition and irradiation techniques to tailor the surface morphology and chemistry of materials to meet these needs on an industrial scale.